Channel One Russia (literally First Channel, 1991-2002 as Public Russian Television Programme 1) is the first television channel to broadcast in the Russian Federation. The channel replaced the channel "Ostankino" that broadcast after the Soviet Union broke up in 1991 as a successor to the First Channel of the central television of the USSR. It has its headquarters in the Technical Center "Ostankino" near the Ostankino Tower, Moscow.
First among Russia's country-wide channels, Channel One has more than 250 million viewers worldwide. It implemented 16:9 broadcast format on 4 January 2011 to 1 June 2011 and 10 October 2011 on satellite and digital cable broadcasting, and 14:9 on analogue broadcasting.
From 1995 to 2002 the channel was known as Public Russian Television or Russian Public Television.